We started our grapevines at our old place and transplanted them when we moved. Our transplants consisted of mainly concord and a few random wine and seedless grapes that we aquired from friends.
While the plants were still dormant in early spring of 2014 Brook took cuttings of those mature vines to make new plants. He had around 13 vines take root.
To Make a New Plant from a Grape Cutting
When the vine is still dormant in early spring, select a pencil thin shoot from your mature grape vine. Make sure you have three buds. Keep two buds at the top and one bud at the bottom. Score the bottom of the shoot and bottom bud to produce root growth. Place the bottom section in root tone and then in soil to begin the rooting process. Brook thinks a mixture of sand and soil works best for optimal moisture contact. Water well. Moisture is the key. Keep them in your house until spring. They can be planted in spring. If you are like us, they can wait till fall to be planted too. Just keep them watered well throughout the summer.
In the summer of 2014 Brook dug holes and buried poles for the trellis system. In the fall we planted the cuttings.
This year we were taking inventory of how many grape vines we needed to complete the vineyard. We decided that we had such a mismatch of grapes that we really could not get enough of one kind to make wine.
Wine is the end goal, right?
Plans changed and we dug out our cuttings from last year to plant one kind of grape. We chose Champanel because of their heat tolerance and resistance to disease. We kept the back row in place since they are mature and the trellis system is in place.
Look at this rootstock! If you are searching for a superior orchard we highly recommend Willis Orchards. We also ordered elderberry bushes from them too and were very pleased with the quality and health of their plants.
Spacing How-To Guide For A Homestead Vinyeard
Our longest row has 4 posts to hold the wire.
Each post is 24 feet apart.
Vines are placed between the posts and are spaced 8 feet apart.
A top support wire is strung through the posts. You can run a second wire just under the tope wire for a second row of runners. We are choosing to do a single row of grapes and will only have a top support wire. To start your new vine you can drop your top wire down to the ground for the vine to attach. After it has established itself you can run that wire back to the top and connect it to the remaining piece. Another option is to run a third wire along the bottom to support your growing vine. With pruning and assistance you can work your vine to the top wire.
To Plant Your Vines
This all depends on the rootstock of your vines. The roots on our new two year old vines needed a large space. We dug our holes two feet wide by two feet deep. Cover, fertilize, and water well.
Now to wait 5 years to harvest those grapes for wine.
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